Bees produce honey from nectar, which is formed in the flowers of blooming plants. Nectar is a dilute liquid containing sugar, which attracts bees and other insects to the flowers. Bees thicken the dilute nectar, transform and turn it into honey.

Bees collect other sweet, sugar containing liquids as well, for example the so called honeydew. This is a sweet secretion produced by parasitic insects and plant-louse with high sugar content.
It is worth mentioning that honey has a beneficial effect on our health and performance. The kinds of sugar that honey contains do not have a fattening effect. It also contains a disinfecting substance which prevents dental decay.


Propolis is used by bees for gluing, sealing and disinfection. It has a distinct resinous odour. Depending on the temperature it is either solid or tensile. Bees collect this sticky resin from the buds and barks of some trees all year round. Its colour ranges from golden brown to brownish green, to reddish brown, to blackish brown. Bees blend propolis with the substance secreted from special glands on their abdomens.

Propolis is another medicinal marvel from the beehive.


Beeswax is secreted by honeybees from their wax glands to build honey comb cells in which the young are raised and honey and pollen are stored.

Wax is an utterly valuable substance. Apiary itself uses the most of it since a lot of artificial honey comb cells are required. Besides, the cosmetic, pharmaceutical, paper and leather industry also uses beeswax. Moreover, candles can be also made from it.